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Module 3 - 10 Establishing Partnership Processes

10.1 What are the objectives of establishing partnership processes?
10.2 Who is involved in establishing partnership processes?
10.3 What are the key partnership methods?
10.4 What is the key process for pro-poor PPPs?
Further Guidance

Key Questions:


Related Tools:

09 Identifying Partners
15 Regulating the PPP
16 Tendering and Procurement

PPP Development Stage – Establishing Partnership Processes

10.3 What are the key partnership methods?


Participation is a key element of any partnership. In implies the active engagement of partners and customers in sharing ideas, committing time and resources, making decisions and taking action to bring about a desired development objective.

Effective participation occurs when group members have an adequate and equal opportunity to place questions on the agenda and to express their preferences about the final outcome during decision-making. Participation can occur directly or through legitimate representatives.

Community and stakeholder participation

Understanding and acceptance of the PPP by residents is key to the success of the policy and ultimately to any partnership. It is of little value to go through the process of preparing a policy and attempting to put it into practice, if the concerns of the end users, have not been addressed. In preparing the policy, the PPP committee should make a special effort to ensure that the residents who will be affected by the project have an opportunity to have their say the process. For example, the committee could host public meetings or open houses to both inform and solicit input from residents. At the conclusion of the process, the committee could put in an advertisement in a local paper indicating that the policy is now finished and providing information on where copies are available.

The community is more likely to support a PPP policy if it has participated in its development. The consultation process leads to creation of a community, as opposed to a government, PPP policy.


Practice shows that there is never enough communication between the partners. Regular meetings and discussions among the partners during the course of the strategic planning process will help to avoid misunderstandings and serious drawbacks during the project execution.

A PPP brings together two or three completely different cultures, so it may take time for each partner to become familiar with the other’s corporate language, culture and approach to the business at hand. Communication vehicles that could be used include:

  • regular meetings;
  • an internal newsletter;
  • E-mail, Intranets, faxes and other electronic communication instruments;
  • a communications committee made up of representatives from all partners: public, private and community; and
  • reports to the municipal council.

Dealing with conflict

Development interventions often change power relationships between groups in society. Some groups stand to lose, while others gain from such interventions; as a result, conflicts may emerge. Conflicts are a common part of social interaction, but they have a negative impact on all who are involved. Hence effective mechanisms and techniques for conflict prevention, management and resolution are necessary. Transparency and information sharing can eliminate conflicts caused by incomplete or distorted knowledge. Participation and ample space for the expression of different viewpoints can prevent conflicts from occurring [see Tool 20].



  S T A R T P A G E  
  Module 1 - Before PPPs  
  01-Starting Out  
  02-Strategic Planning  
  Module 2 - Preparation Stage  
  03-Planning & Organising  
  04-Collecting Information  
  Module 3 - PPP Development Stage  
  05-Identifying Constraints  
  06-Defining Objectives  
  07-Defing Parameters (Scope)  
  08-Establishing Principles  
  09-Identifying Partners  
  10-Establishing Partnership  
  11-Selecting Options  
  12-Financing (Investment)  
  13-Financing (Cost Recovery)  
  14-Preparing Business Plans  
  15-Regulating the PPP  
  Module 4 - Implementation  
  16-Tendering & Procurement  
  17-Negotiating & Contracting  
  18-Managing PPPs  
  19-Monitoring & Evaluation  
  20-Managing Conflict  
  21-Capacity Development  
  Contact Information