PPP Development Stage – Defining Ojectives
6.2 What are the key steps to define PPP objectives?
Formulate and agree a transparent process
Municipalities need to design a process for defining objectives
that is transparent and inclusive. Objectives need to reflect
the concerns of the municipality (as a supplier), civil society
(as consumers and worker representatives) and the private
sector (as providers) and the process will determine how well
this is achieved. For example:
- Who will lead the process?
- What mechanisms will ensure meetings are not dominated by
- How many meetings? Where, when and who will participate?
Hold stakeholder consultation and
Set up a series of meetings and workshops to allow all
stakeholders to express their objectives. This should
- consumers and users;
- community-based organisations;
- other representatives/leaders of the poor;
- non-government organisations;
- chambers of commerce and other business groups;
- municipal staff;
- local politicians and decision-makers;
- private sector representatives; and
- interested parties at higher levels of government.
All stakeholders should be given the
to express what it is they
see to be the PPP objective.
Set out the framework of objectives
Present the full range of PPP objectives…
…a framework can be used to assemble the objectives of all
[See Figure 6.1].
Place the broadest objective at the top of this framework…
…the one that relates to the wider municipal goals of
urban governance and urban poverty.
Group the specific objectives into appropriate sub-divisions,
– political objectives;
– financial objectives;
– economic objectives;
– social objectives;
– physical/environmental objectives; and
– institutional objectives.
Agree objectives and priorities
- Consider whether these objectives need to be prioritised.
- Agree objectives that relate specifically to the poor.
Clarify objectives with indicators
Some municipalities may wish to develop a simple objective
statement to include indicators. They may wish to
introduce a time frame to make the objectives tangible
and realistic. Some may be short-term objectives, for example,
to ensure all poor people have access to potable water
within 3 years. Others may be long term, for example, to
generate economic growth. Some municipalities may have the
capacity and confidence to define more quantitative targets, for
example, 70 per cent access to water-borne sanitation services;
or a 50 per cent decrease in water-borne disease.
Who is involved?