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Module 3 - 05
Identifying Constraints

5.1 Why analyse constraints?
5.2 What are the possible constraints on the PPP?
5.3 Specific constraints that affect the poor
5.4 How to overcome existing constraints?
Further Guidance

Key Questions:

What are the constraints for the PPP?
What are the specific constraints faced in reaching the poor?

Related Tools:

01 Starting Out
09 Selecting Options
15 Regulating the PPP
18 Managing PPPs

PPP Development Stage – Identifying Constraints

5.1 Why analyse constraints?

After collecting information, the municipality will need to assess the potential obstacles and constraints that the public-private partnership will face. Partnership entails compromise and a change in the usual way of doing things – therefore it is only natural that certain barriers will exist. It is important for the municipality to recognise these likely impediments and to build in strategies to cope with them in order for the partnership to function effectively. This should be done early in the process to allow time to implement the necessary changes.

In some instances, a partnership arrangement may not be an effective or realistic means of working at all. This may be due either to major macro constraints or internal challenges, as with the following examples.

  • The domestic private sector, which would have been asked to provide the service, is either weak or absent, while at the same time international service providers show no interest in that particular market. In such instances, policies should be targeted toward private sector development; alternatively, involvement by NGOs could be regarded as an alternative to partnership with the private sector.
  • Community organisations are extremely weak and fractured (hence they do not have the resources or capacity necessary to fully commit to a partnership); alternatively, CBOs and NGOs may be absent altogether.




  S T A R T P A G E  
  Module 1 - Before PPPs  
  01-Starting Out  
  02-Strategic Planning  
  Module 2 - Preparation Stage  
  03-Planning & Organising  
  04-Collecting Information  
  Module 3 - PPP Development Stage  
  05-Identifying Constraints  
  06-Defining Objectives  
  07-Defing Parameters (Scope)  
  08-Establishing Principles  
  09-Identifying Partners  
  10-Establishing Partnership  
  11-Selecting Options  
  12-Financing (Investment)  
  13-Financing (Cost Recovery)  
  14-Preparing Business Plans  
  15-Regulating the PPP  
  Module 4 - Implementation  
  16-Tendering & Procurement  
  17-Negotiating & Contracting  
  18-Managing PPPs  
  19-Monitoring & Evaluation  
  20-Managing Conflict  
  21-Capacity Development  
  Contact Information