English    Español    Français

Module 1 -  02
Strategic Planning

2.1 What are the objectives of strategic planning?
2.2 What are the key steps in strategic planning?
2.3 What are the key issues?
2.4 What are the key issues concerning the poor?
Further Guidance

Key Questions:

Why carry out strategic planning?
What does the strategic planning process entail?
How does strategic planning help to achieve poverty reduction objectives?

Related Tools:

[4] Collecting Information
[6] Defining Objectives
[9] Identifying Partners

Before PPPs – Strategic Planning

2.4 What are the key issues concerning the poor?

Understanding the poor, meeting poverty reduction goals

The strategy will need to address how proposed service improvements will be undertaken in relation to the poor. It should address key issues such as:

  • A. service prioritisation and linkages [Tool 6];
  • B. service affordability [Tool 13];
  • C. the poverty and gender focus of the approach;
  • D. the approach to labour deployment; and
  • E. the approach to independent service providers.

<– A strategy linked into an overall municipal action plan
<– Explicit reference to the approach to be taken towards the poor


In order to meet the poverty reduction goals, the municipality needs an understanding of specific objectives for poor communities. This could be done by:

  • carrying out participatory studies of livelihoods; and
  • exposing institutional and political marginalisation via identifying and prioritising key concerns of the poor, such as
    • lack of choice;
    • lack of affordability;
    • inaccessibility;
    • exploitation;
    • insecurity of land tenure; and
    • employment opportunities.

Methodologies for identifying key actors, such as stakeholder analysis and interviews [Tool 3], could help to narrow down those who can assist in addressing the needs of the poor. Such individuals and groups could include:

  • the informal service providers;
  • local NGO support;
  • interdependent households and communities;
  • municipal actors (involved in community development and so on); and
  • private operators.


  S T A R T P A G E  
  Module 1 - Before PPPs  
  01-Starting Out  
  02-Strategic Planning  
  Module 2 - Preparation Stage  
  03-Planning & Organising  
  04-Collecting Information  
  Module 3 - PPP Development Stage  
  05-Identifying Constraints  
  06-Defining Objectives  
  07-Defing Parameters (Scope)  
  08-Establishing Principles  
  09-Identifying Partners  
  10-Establishing Partnership  
  11-Selecting Options  
  12-Financing (Investment)  
  13-Financing (Cost Recovery)  
  14-Preparing Business Plans  
  15-Regulating the PPP  
  Module 4 - Implementation  
  16-Tendering & Procurement  
  17-Negotiating & Contracting  
  18-Managing PPPs  
  19-Monitoring & Evaluation  
  20-Managing Conflict  
  21-Capacity Development  
  Contact Information