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Module 1 -  02
Strategic Planning

2.1 What are the objectives of strategic planning?
2.2 What are the key steps in strategic planning?
2.3 What are the key issues?
2.4 What are the key issues concerning the poor?
Further Guidance

Key Questions:

Why carry out strategic planning?
What does the strategic planning process entail?
How does strategic planning help to achieve poverty reduction objectives?

Related Tools:

[4] Collecting Information
[6] Defining Objectives
[9] Identifying Partners

Before PPPs – Strategic Planning

2.3 What are the key issues?

Involving all players

Since any project, particularly a PPP project is about using strengths and resources of the partners or parties concerned, it is critically important to involve the private sector and civil society in the process of strategic planning.

Although at this stage the contractor (the party that will carry out the work) is not yet selected, it is still possible to involve representatives of all the groups of stakeholders – for example, professional associations, community-based and non-governmental organisations, trade union and others. Their input will help to make the strategic planning objective, realistic and more likely to reach a desirable outcome.


Who is involved?
◊ Local government
◊ All relevant stakeholders

Non-municipal initiatives

Although the municipality is playing the most important role in undertaking and coordinating the strategic planning process, it is often the private sector and/or the community that comes up with the most innovative partnership ideas. Even though a proposed idea may go beyond the original municipal plan, the municipality should remain open to such initiatives.

Locating and linking PPPs in urban governance and management

A partnership does not exist in isolation. It is important to develop the partnership in the context of municipal objectives, other municipal development activities and reforms. The process of developing a strategy creates a platform for decision-making linked into broader municipal management, service delivery and poverty-reduction goals. This will mean, for instance, that the proposed strategy for water and sanitation services might be developed alongside a strategy for solid waste management or energy. The aim is to ensure that a coherent pattern of infrastructure development occurs – one that recognises opportunities, constraints and livelihood implications, as well as community and municipal capacities.

In order to strengthen local governance, it is important to understand how the PPP (if it is undertaken) will contribute to broader governance objectives, and how those governance principles are embodied in partnership approaches. For instance through:

  • participation and consultation;
  • integrated planning at the strategic level;
  • financially sound management;
  • accountable and transparent actions; and
  • collaborative and innovative management.

In order to enhance poverty reduction through the PPP, it is important to establish partnership processes in the broader framework of municipal action for the poor. For instance in relation to:

  • community mobilisation, empowerment and organisation;
  • promoting demand-led initiatives;
  • establishing incremental service improvement; and
  • resolving land tenure issues.



  S T A R T P A G E  
  Module 1 - Before PPPs  
  01-Starting Out  
  02-Strategic Planning  
  Module 2 - Preparation Stage  
  03-Planning & Organising  
  04-Collecting Information  
  Module 3 - PPP Development Stage  
  05-Identifying Constraints  
  06-Defining Objectives  
  07-Defing Parameters (Scope)  
  08-Establishing Principles  
  09-Identifying Partners  
  10-Establishing Partnership  
  11-Selecting Options  
  12-Financing (Investment)  
  13-Financing (Cost Recovery)  
  14-Preparing Business Plans  
  15-Regulating the PPP  
  Module 4 - Implementation  
  16-Tendering & Procurement  
  17-Negotiating & Contracting  
  18-Managing PPPs  
  19-Monitoring & Evaluation  
  20-Managing Conflict  
  21-Capacity Development  
  Contact Information